Recently on my 13″ MacBook Pro ( mid-2012 ), I’ve noticed that when using Google Chrome the screen will freeze up. At other times when using Chrome I will get the standard “kernel panic” message. Thankfully Lion restores everything that was open upon reboot but that does not excuse the problem. Everything else about the machine has been fine and seems very snappy.
The error logs point reference Google Chrome and Intel HD 400 Graphics Card. Others have experienced this problem as well. A few contacted Apple and are told to use Safari until the issue is resolved.
If you are also having this issue you can submit bug reports to Apple and Google.
Update 6/28/2012: According to Cult of Mac, Google contacted Gizmodo with the following, “The resource leak is causing a kernel panic on Mac hardware containing the Intel HD 4000 graphics chip (e.g. the new Macbook Airs). Radar bug number 11762608 has been filed with Apple regarding the kernel panics, since it should not be possible for an application to trigger such behavior.”
Both the new Macbook Airs and Macbook Pros have the Intel HD 4000 graphics chip.